of Die 1 Perforated Issues
Plate 155 to 204 and R1 to R6

By Dr.Kenneth W. Statham & Eric Paul

The series of plates covered by the Gardiner Hill Collection is probably the least studied area of the line-engraved issues. The reason for this is two-fold.

Firstly, until the National Postal Museum (NPM) made available photographs of the Imprimatur Sheets there was no information for would-be platers other than that obtained from examination of multiples. Multiples of this group of plates are scarce as the perf 16 makes separation of the stamps an easy matter and the survival of the multiples less likely. Also the issue of the embossed high values reduced the need for multiples of the 1d stamp. The scarcity of the multiples made the attempted reconstruction of these plates virtually impossible so the issue did not receive the degree of attention that was given to earlier line-engraved plates.

Secondly, the stamps of this issue are far scarcer than is generally realised. From the start of the official perforation in February, 1854 until the advent of the Die II plates in February, 1854 (i.e. one year) some 51 plates were used. This contrasts with the imperf alphabet II stamps where 46 plates were used in two years. Some of this increase in the number of plates used could be due to an increasing demand for the 1d stamp but this would be countered by the issue of higher value stamps reducing the demand. The main reason for the increase in the number of plates used is most probably due to wear on the dies used for making the plates reducing the depth of the engraving which reduced the life of the plates. This scarcity factor due to the reduced life of the plates is compounded by the difficulties encountered in perforating the sheets. Apart from teething troubles invariably encountered when a new process is introduced there was a major problem caused by the irregular layout of the plates. If one looks at the Imprimatur photographs of almost all these plates it becomes immediately obvious that there is no way that the sheet can be perforated by a regular perforating comb to give well-centred copies of the stamps. Spacings vary from adjacent impressions almost touching to gaps wider than the corner squares. On some plates it is likely that less than 10% of the stamps were reasonably perforated even when the perforating machine was working correctly. Off-centred stamps are not popular with collectors so it is likely that many of these stamps were discarded as faulty by earlier collectors. It is possible that on some plates certain letterings cannot exist in well-centred condition.

The achievement of Dr.Gardiner-Hill in reconstructing some 90% of the letterings of all but the scarcer plates should not be underestimated. When the plating of the collection was checked by Dr.Statham it was found that a small number of the stamps were misplated but this is likely to be the case whenever any plating is checked. To make only this small number of errors when plating this difficult issue was a remarkable achievement.

In checking the collection there was a problem on some letterings that had been removed from the Imprimatur sheets. On all of the plates of this issue some 21 copies were removed at various times for official purposes. Some of these copies are in the collection of Her Majesty, the Queen, the British Library or the National Postal Museum. Other copies have come on the market but the whereabouts of almost one third of them is not known. These letterings can only be identified from multiples and as these are scarce there are some letterings that it has not been possible to check. The letterings missing from the Imprimatur sheets are given in Part 1 of the Stanley Gibbons Specialised Catalogue. When the collection was checked any letterings missing from the Imprimatur sheets that could be shown to be correct were marked by a tick (b) and any lettering believed to be wrong were marked with a cross (x). Items that could not be checked were left unmarked. In view of the high degree of accuracy in Dr.Gardiner-Hill's plating the probability is that the unmarked items are correct. It is also possible that the items marked with a cross could, in fact, be correct so they have been left in the position in the collection. The reason for this is that some of the Imprimaturs in the reference collections or in the possession of individual collectors may have been incorrectly labelled over the years since they were removed from the Imprimatur sheets. An example of this can be seen in the Phillips collection in the NPM where the Imprimatur for Die 1 plate 13 is from the A row when in fact this row is still present on the Imprimatur sheet. Other examples have been found or suspected.

An added complication with this issue is that some of the plates were repaired leading to the second or even third states. In some cases the check letters were retouched or even re-punched in a different position and this accounted for a few of the cases of misplating that were found. The plates mainly affected were 155, 157, 162-5, 170, 172, 173, and 176 and the extent of the repairs is still being investigated.

It is not generally realised that the Imprimatur sheets were endorsed in ink on the back and that in many cases this ink shows through on the front of the sheet and in the photographs it also masks some of the check letters and also produces some very interesting “varieties”.

The First Major Perforated Issue is certainly a lovely souvenir of the work done by Dr.Gardiner-Hill but a worthwhile basis for either the collector who wants one copy from each plate or the specialist.

Many letterings include varieties (some as yet unrecorded), missing perf pins and copies of the Perf 14 C2 series.

Plate 168 is extremely scarce and is not included in any of the sets. Only 4 copies have been recorded. We regret we do not have any in stock at the moment.

A full price list of individual letterings still available is given below. The red figure gives the number of stamps on the page (maximum 50 as plate 168 is extremely scarce) and the black figure is the price for the page. The price is based on the number of stamps, the plates included and the condition of the stamps.

Plate 155 to 204 and R1 to R6

  A B C D E F G H I J K L  
B 45 £300 22 £225 44 £350 B
C 43 £325 45 £325 C
D 42 £375 45 £450 45 £425 46 £450 40 £300 D
E 41 £300 43 £300 45 £300 44 £300 40 £350 39 £300 41 £300 42 £300 28 £250 E
F 40 £300 39 £400 42 £350 46 £300 46 £350 44 £350 40 £300 43 £300 41 £400 43 £400 F
G 45 £350 45 £500 45 £500 42 £400 41 £400 39 £300 G
H 37 £250 44 £300 39 £250 42 £350 34 £350 42 £300 44 £450 38 £350 H
I 38 £275 43 £300 40 £450 I
J 39 £300 43 £375 44 £375 38 £325 40 £450 38 £275 J
K 41 £350 42 £350 44 £400 48 £500 43 £400 35 £400 38 £450 30 £350 K
L 40 £350 42 £400 43 £400 40 £400 39 £400 39 £400 L
M 41 £375 42 £375 40 £375 40 £450 35 £300 41 £350 M
N 42 £450 33 £300 43 £500 42 £375 41 £375 42 £300 41 £400 45 £400 45 £375 44 £400 40 £375 N
O 42 £350 41 £400 44 £400 39 £350 27 £150 31 £200 38 £375 41 £375 41 £375 O
P 40 £375 41 £400 37 £400 38 £450 42 £400 45 £400 29 £375 35 £350 P
Q 40 £500 39 £400 43 £400 42 £350 44 £400 45 £375 43 £400 43 £375 Q
R 44 £375 44 £375 43 £400 40 £450 36 £350 R
S 40 £350 42 £375 40 £375 35 £275 40 £350 S
T 38 £275 46 £400 42 £375 43 £400 T
  A B C D E F G H I J K L  

To view an image of the page lettered RD and RI please click on the the box in the table with those letters.

To order a lettering please press the button below...

Follow for requirements form

Postal address
PO Box 44, Marple. Cheshire. SK6 7EE. United Kingdom
Phone +44 (0)161 427 2101
FAX +44 (0)161 427 6386
Electronic mail
General Information: